Prime Journal of Microbiology Research
2, Issue 3, pp.
Sero-prevalence of brucella abortus
antibodies in slaughtered cattle and meat by-product handlers in
Ilorin abattior, Kwara state – Nigeria
Adah BMJ1, Nafarnda WD2, Aworh MKF3
And Bello RH4
of Veterinary Microbiology, University of Abuja, Nigeria.
of Veterinary Public Health, University of Abuja, Nigeria.
Benin Outstation, Edo State, Nigeria
of Microbiology, School of Science, ATBU Bauchi, Nigeria.
Accepted 16th March, 2012
Growing concern over the increasing number of women
participation in post slaughter and meat by- product processing
in Ilorin slaughter slab necessitated this study over a three
month period in the year 2011. This was to establish the
occurrence and possible effect of Brucella abortus
infected blood on this vulnerable group. Sera obtained randomly
from blood of slaughtered cattle fortnightly were screened for
Brucella abortus antibodies using Rose Bengal Plate test
(RBPT) and Microtitre Serum Agglutination test (MSAT) in
accordance with standard methods. Out of the total of 261 cattle
screened 10 (3.8%) were positive with 6 (2.3%) cows and 4 (1.5%)
bulls. Amongst these positive cattle, white Fulani (Bunaji)
breed showed the most infected 8(3.0%) and 2 (0.8%) in Sokoto
gudali (Bokoloji) breed. Further analysis of sera by MSAT showed
all the 3 (1.1%) positive were female white Fulani cattle.
Cattle breed and sex showed association with the disease. Oral
interview with a cross section of these women revealed that
blood collected is processed into various meals for fish, pigs,
dogs, poultry and the human delicacy popularly called “siki” as
means of revenue generation and livelihood. Attempts to collect
blood specimens from these workers for Brucella antibody
screening yielded no positive efforts. In conclusion, this
finding indicates the occurrence of Brucella abortus in
cattle and by implication the possibility of transmission to
these women and other domestic animals. Public awareness
especially amongst vulnerable group on the potential dangers as
well as creating and promoting women entrepreneurship in other
economic sectors that have minimal occupational health risk
factors is thus recommended.
sero-prevalence, Brucella abortus antibodies, slaughtered
cattle, meat by-product handlers, Ilorin kwara state.
See Full Article [pdf]